Landscape Architecture: What You Need To Know

What you need to know about landscape architecture is that it is a professional art and science which affects environmental, aesthetic, and social aspects of the outdoors.  Landscape architects have studied a variety of disciplines, including industrial design, site planning, botany, horticulture, fine arts, stormwater management, architecture, civil engineering, soil sciences, environmental psychology, and ecology.

Landscape architecture is employed in wilderness management, urban development and renewal, suburban sprawl, landfills, company campuses, business districts, and residences.  Though less frequently, owners of private family dwellings hire landscape architects to beautify their yards and make them more efficient in water usage, drainage and for conducive to social gatherings.

A backyard that is beautifully laid out enhances the quality of life as well as provides an opportunity for hosting special occasions with friends and families.  A well-designed front yard provides the impressive “curb appeal” which helps to keep property values high.

Principles of Landscape Architecture

There are some principles of landscape architecture which you should know, especially if you want to do it yourself or collaborate intelligently with your landscape architect.

Proportion is the first principle.  It refers to the size of an object relative to other objects in the design.  By consulting others and drawing things out on paper, you can determine some proportions that are to your liking and also pleasing to other viewers.

Order refers to balance and organization of items in your yard.  Do you want some formal symmetry or the look of informal asymmetry?

Unity is achieved when the entire space follows a theme or style, giving a consistent homogeny to the landscape.

Repetition is when familiar patterns are adhered to.  Predictable elements are implemented to honor repetition.

Key Landscape Rules

One expert landscape architect offered his key rules which played critical roles in his successful career.  These are golden rules of what you should know about landscape architecture.  His first is the law of significant enclosure.  This law describes the proportion of a vertical boundary to the horizontal space being designed.  For example, in designing a patio, a vertical structure that borders and encloses the space, whether plant or man-made, should be about one third the size of the horizontal measurement of the patio.

Another proven principle is to follow the regulating line.  Use an existing prominent feature, such as a tree, edge of a building, swimming pool, etc. to point you to where other features should go.  This alignment of structures keeps things geometrically pleasing and not haphazard.

Finally, two smart tips for landscape architecture that you should know:  Go big, and plant from large to small.  “Go big” refers to the decision of how big you want your features.  Take the expert’s word for it.  Start big because over time as growth and other décor fill up space, big looks better.  Planting large to small means you should start with trees, then place shrubs, then smaller plants, and flowers, then ground cover.  Not only does this make sense architecturally, it also makes it easier and safer to use the equipment required to get those large things in there.

 

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Landscape Architecture: What You Need To Know

Article By: Clear Content Marketing